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PCOD: CAUSES, SYMPTOMS AND TREATMENT

What is PCOD?

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a common hormonal disorder that affects women of reproductive age. It is also known as Polycystic Ovary Disease (PCOD). It is a condition where the ovaries produce an abnormal amount of androgen hormones, leading to the development of small cysts in the ovaries. In this blog, we will discuss PCOD in detail, including its causes, symptoms, and treatment options.

Causes of PCOD

The exact cause of PCOD is unknown. However, certain factors are thought to contribute to the development of the condition. These factors include:

  1. Insulin resistance: Insulin resistance occurs when the body’s cells do not respond to insulin, leading to an increase in insulin levels in the blood. This can cause the ovaries to produce more androgen hormones.
  2. Heredity: PCOD can run in families. If a woman’s mother or sister has PCOD, she is more likely to develop the condition.
  3. Inflammation: Inflammation in the body can also contribute to the development of PCOD.

Symptoms

The symptoms of PCOD can vary from woman to woman. Some of the most common symptoms of PCOD include:

  1. Irregular periods: Women with PCOD may have irregular periods or no periods at all.
  2. Excess hair growth: PCOD can cause excess hair growth on the face, chest, and back.
  3. Acne: Women with PCOD may experience acne on the face, chest, and back.
  4. Weight gain: PCOD can cause weight gain, especially around the waist.
  5. Infertility: PCOD can make it difficult for women to conceive.

Treatment

PCOD cannot be cured, but the symptoms can be managed with the right treatment. The treatment options for PCOD include:

  1. Lifestyle changes: Lifestyle changes, such as a healthy diet and regular exercise, can help manage PCOD symptoms.
  2. Medications: Medications, such as birth control pills and metformin, can help regulate periods and control symptoms.
  3. Surgery: In some cases, surgery may be necessary to remove the cysts from the ovaries.

Conclusion

PCOD is a common hormonal disorder that affects many women worldwide. While the exact cause of PCOD is unknown, certain factors are thought to contribute to the development of the condition. The symptoms of PCOD can vary, but they can be managed with the right treatment. If you think you may have PCOD, it’s important to speak to an ovarian Cancer specialist, who can recommend the appropriate treatment for your symptoms. By taking the right steps, you can manage your symptoms and live a healthy, fulfilling life.